Thursday, February 2, 2012

8 candidate quiz buzzer using 8051 microcontroller (AT89C51)

Posted by Thirumalai Kumar at 9:47 PM 0 Comments
8051 Microcontroller based quiz buzzer project
The quiz buzzer systems are widely used in school, colleges and TV programs. The team which presses the buzzer earliest is entitled to give the answer. At times it becomes very difficult to identify which team has pressed the button when two teams press the buzzer within a very small time gap. In such cases the decision can be biased due to human intervention. The quiz buzzer presented here takes care of the aforesaid problem. This quiz buzzer disables the other inputs as soon as the first buzzer is pressed. This quiz buzzer can be used for a maximum of eight teams. It is build around 8051 microcontroller (AT89C51).

DESCRIBTION(click here)
  • This quiz buzzer system has eight input pins corresponding to eight teams. The output is displayed on a seven segment display (interfaced with microcontroller), which shows the number corresponding to the team which has pressed the button first. A buzzer is also sounded for a small duration to give an acoustic alarm. The connections of the seven segment, input pins and output pins is shown in the circuit diagram.
    For more details, refer ‘seven segment interfacing ’. There are a total of nine input pins. Eight pins of port P1 of the microcontroller are corresponding to eight inputs and one stop pin for resetting the buzzer system. On the output side a seven segment is connected to display the corresponding output number. There is also a provision for sounding a buzzer for a small duration.
    When the system starts, the seven segment does not displays any output. The microcontroller keeps scanning the input pins. As soon as any one of the inputs is pressed, the buzzer sounds for a small duration. The seven segment displays the number corresponding to the input pressed. Now even if any other input pin is pressed, there will be no effect on the system till the time the stop pin is pressed to reset the system.
CODE(click here)
    // Program to make a quiz buzzer using seven segment
    unsigned int digi_val[10]={0x40,0xF9,0x24,0x30,0x19,0x12,0x02,0xF8,0x00,0x10};        // Hex value corresponding to the digits 0 to 9
    sbit output_on_pin = P3^0;        // Enable pin to enable the seven segment.
    sbit stop_pin = P3^1;        // Stop pin to reset the buzzer.
    sbit buzzer_pin=P0^0;        //  Buzzer pin to sound the buzzer.
    int flag;
    void delay()        // Time delay function
        int i,j;
    void display(unsigned int current_dig)        // Function to display the resultant digit on the seven segment and sound the buzzer.
        output_on_pin = 1;
        while(stop_pin != 0);
    void buzzer() //Function to monitor the input switches
        flag = 0;
            while (P1 == 0xFF);
            while (P1 == 0xFE)        //Check if switch 1 is pressed
                flag = 1;
            while (P1 == 0xFD)        //Check if switch 2 is pressed
                flag = 2;
            while (P1 == 0xFB )        //Check if switch 3 is pressed
                flag = 3;
            while (P1 == 0xF7 )        //Check if switch 4 is pressed
                flag = 4;
            while (P1 == 0xEF )        //Check if switch 5 is pressed
                flag = 5;
            while (P1 == 0xDF)        //Check if switch 6 is pressed
                flag = 6;
            while (P1 == 0xBF )        //Check if switch 7 is pressed
                flag = 7;
            while (P1 == 0x7F )        //Check if switch 8 is pressed
                flag = 8;
            P1 = 0xFF;
            stop_pin = 1;
            output_on_pin = 0;
    void main()
        stop_pin = 1;
        P1 = 0xFF;
COMPONENTS(click here)
  • Seven Segment Display
  • Transistor BC548 
  • AT89C51 Microcontroller 
  • Piezo Buzzer

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